Profile of Bangladesh

Bangladesh was born after a liberation war in 1971 against then-West Pakistan. In the liberated 50 years of the country, the country has grown itself economically, culturally, and industrially in the realm of natural disasters which are a common phenomenon in the region.


The Country:

The people's Republic of Bangladesh

Geographical location:

South Asia; between 20° 34´ and 26° 38´ north latitude and between 88° 01´ and 92° 41´ east longitude; consists of flat fertile alluvial land.


North - India (West Bengal Meghalaya) West - India (West Bengal) East- India (Tripura & Assam) & Myanmar South - Bay of Bengal


147,570 square km. (Territorial water - 12 nautical miles)

Capital City:

Dhaka Metropolitan Area 1528

Standard time:

GMT+ 6 hours.


Sub-tropical monsoon.


13.90c to 32.60c


1194 mm to 3454 mm (average during monsoon, June-August)


Highest #99 percent (July), Lowest #36 percent (December and January)


170.51 Million (Population & Housing Census Report 2011, Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics)

Population Growth Rate:

1.37 percent

Population Density:

1015 Person per sq km

Total fertility rate:

2.17 Children born/woman (2017 est.)

Life expectancy:

73.4 years (2017 (est.)

Birth Rate:

18.8 births/1,000 population (2017 est.)

Mortality rate:

5.4 deaths/1,000 population (2017 est.)

Adult literacy rate:

72.8 Percent (15 years +)


95 percent Bangla and 5 percent other dialect. English is widely spoken.


Muslim (89.6%), Hindu (9.3%), Butdhist (0.60%) Christain (0.30%), & Animists and believers in tribal faiths (0.20%)


Rice, Vegetables, pulses, fish and meat.

Mineral resources:

Natural gas, limestone, hard rock, coal, Lignite, silica sand white clay, radio active Sand etc. (There is a strong possibility of oil deposit)

Human resources:

A substantial manpower reserve, trained From 34 public government and technical University along with 56 Private University and 18 Electronic media


Engineers, technicians, physicians’ economists, Accountants, administrative and managerial, personal abundance of low cost, easily trained and adaptable, hardworking, intelligent and Youthful labour force.


Source: Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics &